Basilard I

Medieval daggers had many and various forms, but there were only two main kinds of blade. One, the true dagger blade tapered sharply and was double edged, while the other was the knife blade with a 'back' and a single curved edge. Before the 13th century daggers were considered the arm of peasants but, after that, they became more popular and were incorporated as part of a Knight's equipment. They were usually worn over the right hip hanging from the belt.

From about 1325 onward to the end of the medieval period, there seem to have been three basic kinds of dagger. The 'Basilard' was one kind, having a double edged blade which tapered sharply and was usually quite broad at the guard. It was more often carried with civil dress (though sometimes it was worn with armour). The 'Basilard' was first used in the late 13th century and was very popular in the 14th century.

The different colours and grains of the woods used complement each other and enhance the austere elegance of the blade.


blade type; double edge flattened diamond with triple fuller
blade length; 44 cm., 17 inches
overall length; 60 cm., 24 inches

Woods used:

blade; rimu (sapwood)
cross-guard; puriri
pommel; rimu (heartwood)


The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, R. Ewart Oakeshott F.S.A.
Arms and Armour Press, Revised Edit. 1981

A Knight and His Weapons, R. Ewart Oakeshott F.S.A.
Lutterworth Press, 1964