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The blade style for this sword, broad, flat, evenly tapering, good sharp point, with a well-marked fuller was popular in the 13th century. An excellent example was found in Toledo Cathedral in the grave of Sancho IV el Bravo, King of Castile and Leon from 1284 to 1295. Illustrations in manuscripts and monumental sculpture which can be dated c. 1170-1330 regularly depict sword blades of this style. More

This style of blade, often with a reinforced and very acute point (effective for thrusting) was designed to oppose the new plate armour which slowly replaced chain mail during the period c. 1275-1350. It is a strongly tapering acutely pointed blade of the double edge flattened diamond section. The style was favoured in Western and Southern Europe c. 1270-1370, being particularly popular in Italy even through to the 15th century. More

This is a fairly broad, flat blade of medium length which has a wide but shallow fuller almost running its entire length. The style of blade can be attributed to the first of the swords in the Age of Chivalry, c. 1050. This 'Knightly' sword is derived, via the swords of the preceding Viking and Migration periods, from the long iron swords of the prehistoric Celts.

This was one of the shortest and broadest swords of the Age of Chivalry. It tapers strongly to a sharp point and has a fuller running about half its length. There are only a few surviving specimens. A fine example, in pristine condition, is held by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Representations in art are frequent and suggest that the style of blade was popular c. 1270-1340 in France, Italy and England.

It should not be assumed that the dagger was simply a short version of the sword, although their guards and pommels sometimes matched those on swords. Of the two kinds of blade, this is the true dagger blade, sharply tapering and of double edge flattened diamond section. It is similar to those used in the 13th century through to the Quillon daggers of the 15th century. More

Early daggers (c. 1000-1150) seem to have been knives, very similar in shape to a modern kitchen knife. They were called 'cultellus' from which cutlass is derived. The word cutlass now refers to a short thick curved sword used especially by sailors some centuries ago. More

From about 1325 onward to the end of the medieval period, there seem to have been three basic kinds of dagger. One was the 'Rondel', a military dagger with a narrow single edged blade and a flat back. The guard and pommel were formed of discs or 'roundels' set at either end of the grip. Some of these daggers were 20 inches (50 cm) or more in length, almost like short swords. They were popular in the 14th and 15th centuries. More

From about 1325 onward to the end of the medieval period, there seem to have been three basic kinds of dagger. The 'Basilard' was one kind, having a double edged blade which tapered sharply and was usually quite broad at the guard. It was more often carried with civil dress (though sometimes it was worn with armour). The 'Basilard' was first used in the late 13th century and was very popular in the 14th century. More